Thursday, January 31, 2019

Grabbing Good Food with Gabby: A Gastronomic Memoir (Pt 1)

“If more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold, it would be a merrier world.”
J.R.R. Tolkien

Over the years I have lived in multiple states, often at the same time, and visited others regularly. With all this moving about, it is important to have a few places that are familiar to provide a level of comfort and familiarity. Adding to this, I am a fairly routine-oriented person. Once I find a place that I like, I tend to go there on the regular. This does not mean that I go to the same place everyday. Instead, I am more ritualistic. As a weekly pattern is established, I tend to go to certain places on certain days or on certain occasions. Indeed, I usually will order the same item or rotate between a few favorite items after a trial period of sampling multiple different choices has passed. As such, I have amassed a list of favorite places to eat in particular cities as well as a list of corresponding menu items.

If there is any pedagogical value to this list, beyond educating on my own particular tastes, it is that these eateries are part of a larger strategy of safety for a transgender woman traversing a wide range of places with a wide range of potential dangers. In short, this list of locations represents a few trans friendly locations that I have found to eat. Furthermore, many places I visit go through an initial adjustment phase as they register the trans customer who has shown up to eat. Likely a high number of these locations may have never consciously fed a trans person previously. The advantage of going to the same location regularly is that the staff and fellow diners become accustomed to the trans woman who visits on a given day and orders a given food. This process of getting to know me has an added benefit: familiarity breeds affection. In a new city or a city that I am visiting, I may not have many safe places that I can go if I am being harassed. Because eating is essential for life, the first and most consistent safe spaces I tend to locate are places that I eat. In the best case scenarios, I make friends with the staff. Even if friendships are not formed, by becoming a "regular" there is a sense that if I began to be harassed at one of my usual haunts, the staff who knew me would be more likely to come to my defense. All that said, comfort food is called comfort food for a reason. Sometimes after a day of interactions with transphobic people, it feels good to order a plate of some self-care.

Beyond personal habit and survival, this list includes numerous locations that housed dates with my partner, lunch-dates with friends, or other memories on the road and with family. Going through this list was a fun way to share a few short memories about food, about special places, and the people I've met along the way. I hope you enjoy reading and if you are ever in town, I hope you enjoy a meal as well!

Portland, Maine

BLT Sandwich, Wasabi Chips, Diet Coke

Living in Maine was awful lonely. Setting aside how far Maine was from my friends and colleagues in the major cities, the circumstances of our arrival in the state made it very difficult to make friends. The town and position that my now spouse held made it dangerous for my partner and I to be seen as such. This was a town and congregation that was evidently uncomfortable with female pastors. We were told before we arrived that a queer female pastor would not be hired or held in the job. Remember, churches are not like other professions. You can be fired for being gay and it was not long before such a campaign of suspicious persons began putting pressure on us to go. Within these contexts, my presence in the home and raising the child was hard enough to explain. True friendship requires honesty and such honesty in our town could spell financial ruin for the family. All this totaled together to equal a lack of friends or places I could comfortably relax in our town. After several months, the alienation became too much and I began a weekly venture up to Portland, Maine where I had heard of a queer women owned comic book store. Thus began my weekly trip, taking several hours, to and from Portland every Wednesday.

Because these trips were so long and had to be scheduled during school hours so I could still take care of the children, I would usually go to Portland around lunch-time. It was then very early on, if not immediately, that I had stumbled upon a sandwich shop right around the corner of the comic store. I ordered my standard test for any such sandwich shop, a BLT, and sat down to eat while I read my new books. The BLT is a good test of an eatery in my opinion because it is so basic. If the BLT can be done well while also elevating the dish, the place is a winner. Well the food was good, it passed that test. But what kept me coming back was that in the first few visits, I noticed a friend who was much like me. Only later did I discover that they were the owner. Their story is their own and being from another country and another generation, the language we might use were not always the same. Yet to a casual observer stumbling on the shop, as many of the visitors much have been, the scene would have been one of a trans woman sitting down to lunch at an establishment owned and operated by another trans woman. We would sometimes laugh that unlike most other restaurants, in this sandwich shop being trans was the norm and being cisgender was the aberration. And so for years I would go get my comics from a lesbian owned store and then go read them at a trans owned sandwich shop. To this day, I miss seeing my friend each Wednesday.


Kittery, Maine

Henry VIII Sandwich with Horseradish Sauce, Diet Coke

Given hormones and inheritances, cravings can be explained but are nonetheless hard to argue. Likewise, with our fandoms. As a medievalist I hear about all sorts of historical novelties and attractions from locals. Not all of them are medieval (people tend to conflate the medieval with anything pre-19th century) and few of them are especially historically accurate, but I tend to love most of them. I love a good replica sword or a tin suit of armor on the walls or a menu's attempt at "old English" which is really just modern English with some anachronistic grammar in funky fonts. As such, it did not take me long to get directed to Henry VIII Carvery. It is easy to see but also easy to miss, located in a stretch of road between towns in a region and state through which folk tend to drive very fast. This innocuous little yellow building with the historical sounding name is just the sort of place that locals love and that they share with other visitors in the know.

While the novelties are what drew me to the carvery it was the food that kept me craving and returning. Before you even begin eating you get to see the workers cut apart the large pieces of meat (some brined, some seemingly smoked) into chunks or strips to be mixed with various veggies and sauces. Once I took my first bite of the title sandwich, I was hooked. It is an uncommon kind of sandwich both for the high quality of the meat but also the use of horseradish sauce. I brought my partner. I brought our kids. I went their often enough to make good use out of the punch-card which earned me some free food. Even though I did not go to Henry VIII's as often as other places, when I got the craving for one of their sandwiches it was hard for any other foods to do the job. My love brought me Henry VIII's on occasions when I was having cravings, was ill, or when I just needed a pick-me-up. It is worth noting that around this time I had been experiencing hormone replacement therapy as part of my medical transitioning and the affirmation of my gender. Among the noticeable changes were in my appetites and cravings. Olives, which I had hitherto found revolting, I suddenly loved were one such craving. But Henry III's sandwiches were another that hit at the right time and the right place in my stomach. I still get those cravings.


Southington, Connecticut

F.U. Hot Wings and Asian Invasion Wings

It all began with me running to the restroom for fear that I was about to vomit. All the while, as I was pushing past the crowds, was that I had just ingested poison. After splashing water on my face, the need to expel what I had just eaten abated. Then I went back for another. This was my first experience of F.U. wings. My family had attended a hot wing contest in town, where various eateries in mid-Connecticut came to show off their various chicken wing experiments in different categories. There were sweet, sugary wings and those that tasted like donuts. Then there were the various kinds of hot wings. The F.U. wings from local bar, the Groggy Frogg, surpassed all of them by leaps and bounds. It was only later that I discovered that they were the brainchild of the husband of my new friend, who was the head cook at the bar. He was a man who took pride in his award winning wings and the wide variety of wings they sold at the Groggy Frogg. Part of this pride was in using no pepper extract in the F.U. sauce. As anyone who make a sport of trying spicy food know all too well, it is quite easy to make painfully spicy food just by adding the chemical extract that makes peppers hot. It is harder, more expensive, and more flavorful to make such sauces using only whole peppers. This harder course is the way the Groggy Frogg went, resulting in a sauce that was awfully painful but also awfully delicious.

Yet it is not because of taste alone that the wings (including some F.U. wings) found their way into my wedding. A year or so before the wedding our younger child had signed up for karate lessons. I would bring them and wait with the other parents during the lesson from a room on the other side of a large window. Often, I would slink back even further to the far side of the hallway closer to the door. I could still see my child but had a degree of distance from the other parents. It is there that I met the best friend I was to make in Connecticut. As she tells the story, I seemed to look at the other parents (all former football players and cheerleaders from the local high school) with the same sense of unease that she did. At that, she knew she wanted to be friends. It was to our greater fortune that our older and younger children were both around the same ages. Even after we moved from Connecticut, my oldest daughter stills keeps in close communication with her oldest. Thus a family friendship began with the whole group getting together for parties or just to hang out during breaks and weekends. It was not long before we found out that her husband was responsible for those F.U. wings and when our wedding came around, we ordered a box load of various wings (Hot, Mild, Asian Invasion, and F.U.) to serve at our rehearsal dinner. For reasons that are not fully explained, my husbutch mixed the F.U. wings together with the regular hot wings. What resulted was a bit of a Russian Roulette where unsuspecting diners would jump up from there seats shouting, "we found another one!" Then they would go rushing from a cup of something to drown the flames. The wings certainly formed memories and the family who made them formed lasting friendships. Indeed, the final meal we had in Connecticut before we moved away was an order of wings from our friends at the Groggy Frogg.


Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Sierra Turkey Sandwich and French Onion Soup

At this point it should be evident that not all the places listed are here because they are off the beaten road little hideaways but because they hold some significant meaning in my life story. In general, my family loves Panera Bread and specifically one location (which I am not sure still exists) has a special place in my heart. The Panera Bread on Roosevelt Road in Glen Ellyn, located near the Jewel-Osco grocery store and a former Blockbuster Video, is the place that I would meet once a summer with my good friend Michael and our favorite middle school teacher, Ms. H. While we are older now and we go by first names or simply "friend," my impulse to say Ms. H (name redacted) is still there. Ms. H. is the reason that my friend Michael and I met. We found out later that she moved seats around during our study hall so we would sit next to each other, resulting in us getting to know each other and making friends. This extra care is just part of what made Ms. H. such an intentional and extraordinary teacher. In honor of her and our friendship, from high school and well into our twenties (until I moved to the east coast) we would get together once a summer to catch up on how we were all doing. Often, we would share books and music; Michael is a music fanatic with a sound-mixing degree and Ms. H. was our English teacher - more on this later. This sort of check-in was a wonderful gift from our favorite middle school teacher, as she would offer advice on our growing lives and concerns. I can only hope that we in turn added joy and reward to her life as well.

At this point it is worth saying that Ms. H. may very well be the reason I got a Ph.D. in Literature. Going into her class, I had been on a road towards the space sciences, a journey I had been set on since 1st grade and which culminated on my summer at Space Camp's Florida location where I had the opportunity to see the international space station before it went into orbit. Alongside this interest in the sciences, however, I had been an active reader and writer. In 3rd grade I wrote a series of mystery short stories which my teacher at the time (Ms. Greer) allowed me to share with the class on numerous occasions. By middle school, I had lost what few friends I had previously and the bullying of the previous years amping up. In this isolation, books became my best friends. Already doing fairly well in school, my pedantry in studying made my classes rather dull as the teachers worked to get the rest of the class caught up. Feeling bored and impatient, I began sneaking books under my desk in class and trying to read while the teachers worked with the other students. Most teachers eventually caught onto what I was doing and not wanting to have my books taken away, I submitted to just being bored. But Ms. H. was different. She not only allowed me to read in class, she would make book recommendations. She told me that as long as I participated and did well in the class work, I did not have to hide the fact I was doing other reading at the same time. I imagine one of the benefits of this was that my hand was not perpetually raised when questions about the readings were asked, which gave room for other students to answer and made me seem to my peers at least a little less pedantic. Well, by the end of the year I had gotten enough non-STEM literature read that I declared I would not longer strive to work at N.A.S.A. and instead become an English Professor. When asked what grade I wanted to teach, I laughed and said college (hence my use of the word "professor") because I held onto the hope that by that age my students would be a bit more devoted to their studies than I knew my middle school peers to be. However pedantic I was as a child, I nonetheless see this at an important pivot point in my professional life and Ms. H., my friend Michael, and Panera play important roles in that story.

Also: the Sierra Turkey sandwich is no longer listed on Panera's menu but if you ask for it directly they will make one for you!


Wheaton, Illinois

Chroizo Chilaquiles and Side of Cheese Grits

I never got into breakfast. Often, I will miss a morning meal and just power through until lunch. For a long time, I did not understand the appeal of "breakfast for dinner" because breakfast seemed to be the weakest of the meals. This prejudice, however, was partially based on having poor ambassadors for the great nation of breakfast. I rarely eat cereal, occasionally enjoying some Special K or sweet cereals which I regard as a candy-like dessert. In general, I don't like anything sweet in the morning, even fruits. I like eggs but generally only if I am the one cooking them. I like cooking eggs perhaps more than eating them. I especially loath fast-food eggs which generally taste to me like yellow styrofoam. Most of all, I don't eat very many baked pastries. Cakes, donuts, bagels, and breads are not high on my list of meals. Added together, disliking sweet things in the morning, being picky about eggs, unimpressed by cereal, and avoidant of carbs all but demolishes most breakfast options that are usually presented to me. If presented with the choice, I usually would rather skip the food in favor of sleep or work.

Eventually, I did have to admit that I like breakfast if done right. Almost always, this means a slow-paced sit down restaurant with family or friends. Most of all, if I am going out to eat breakfast (not just ordering breakfast for someone else, like for my kids) it is usually with my mom. She likes slow-paced breakfasts too at small chain stores in or around our hometown of Wheaton, Illinois. Her favorite place is Egg Harbor Cafe. Now, there are fancier places for breakfast that have impressed me, giving me some of my favorites: an excellent Biscuits and Gravy, Chicken-Fried-Steak, Smoked Herring or Lox. But few foods beat the moments and memories I share during breakfast with my mom. Each member of the family have an Egg Harbor Mug purchased for them by my mom. That said, the food is pretty good too! My favorite is the Chorizo Chilaquiles with a side of the cheesy grits. They have learned to bring me extra hot sauce as well. In the end, while I would usually prefer sleeping in or getting work done, I will wake up early and wait on the day's writing to get hot chillies and sausage at my mom's favorite breakfast place!


Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Queer Christianity: The Medieval Orientations of C.S. Lewis

"There is no safe investment. 
To love at all is to be vulnerable. 
Love anything, and your heart will certainly 
be wrung and possibly be broken. "

C.S. Lewis

Course Overview

We live in a moment when the relationship between queerness and Christianity is being reconsidered and hotly debated. To better understand this debate, as well as the differences and potential common ground between members of the queer and Christian communities (including those who belong to both!), this seminar examines the history of Christianity and its relationship to queerness. Is Christianity a force for domination or liberation? Orthodoxy or creative multiplicity? Normativity or queerness? To answer these questions, we will read literature that explores how Christianity has both suppressed and in some sense created queerness, as well as how it has been reclaimed by queer communities. We will also look closely at how these historical tensions are being played out locally today. Special attention also will be given to the range of intersecting identities and communities that have responded to the meeting of faith and sexuality in various ways, drawing from diverse contexts of race, ability/disability, gender, and class. Readings include selections from the Bible, books about theology, and documentaries and memoirs attesting to the experience of LGBT Christians. In particular, this semester we explore the "Medieval Orientations of C.S. Lewis." In this four part course, we interrogate the long dialectical history between LGBTQIA persons and the Christian Church. At this intersection stands C.S. Lewis, a pillar of Christianity to be queered, as well as a representative of many queer medieval orientations towards gender and sexuality. So grab your copy of Mere Christianity and a pack of rainbow markers!

The seminar begins with a queer reading of scripture, focusing on key sections of the Jewish and Christian Bible which address gender and sexuality. We begin by considering the meanings and purposes of the Creation myths from Genesis I and II, as well as how God as Creator has been understood and represented within later Christian thought; such as the singing into being of Narnia and Middle Earth in the fiction of C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. What happens when we look as Creation not as a fixed made object but rather as a dynamic sometimes rhyming, sometimes dissonant ever changing song? Next, the books of Law are read within their historical and cultural context alongside the concepts of moral philosophy: are there true ethical ideals, natural laws which inform social justice, or true selves which deserve honor and respect? The person, preaching and practices of Jesus - from the sermon on the plains to his summation of the law and the prophets - will be added together in order to assess their implications for LGBTQIA persons. Finally, students will consider to what degree the legacy of Jesus in the Christian Church was affected by the various interpretations of the Apostles such as their Acts and the letters of St. Paul.

Following the eras in which scripture was being composed and compiled, we turn to the traditions of theology which have influenced how Christian churches have related to gender and sexuality. Influential early theologians such as Augustine and Aquinas will be queried and queered as they are put into conversation with various queer saints from St. Hildegard to St. Marinos and St. Joan of Arc. Modern queer theology will also be considered for its content and style, demonstrating how different theologians and eras approach questions of identity and embodiment in different ways. A running theme of this section is the philosophies of love and desire which run from Plato and Augustine to C.S. Lewis and Mr. Rogers. Next, the Queer Christianity seminar will move from Philosophy to Art and Literature to consider the ways in which afterlives figure into Church doctrine and into the LGBTQI community. How do trans women deal with the hells into which they are placed and imagined? Where does Dante locate queerness in his vision of Purgatory? How does Queer Christianity walk between the roads towards the shadowlands or to the bright country from C.S. Lewis's Great Divorce? The semester ends by leveraging the skills in exegesis, theology, and imagination against the institutions of ex-gay ministries in the films The Transformation, God Loves Uganda, and the Miseducation of Cameron Post.

Course Objectives

By the end of the course you will be able to

  • Think critically across multiple perspectives
  • Engage with thinkers who passionately disagree with you
  • Argue according to the dialectic method
  • Compose your thoughts in clear and engaging writing
  • Honor differences as important to propelling your thinking forward


Selections from the Reading List

Queer Scripture

  • The Bible
    • Creation Myths
    • The Law
    • Jesus
    • The Apostles

  • Austen Hartke, Transforming: The Bible and the Lives of Transgender Christians, Westminster John Knox Press (2018), 978-0664263102
  • C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity, HarperOne (2015), 978-0060652920
  • C.S. Lewis, Perelandra (Space Trilogy, Book 2), Scribner (2003), 978-0743234917

Queer Theology

  • St. Augustine of Hippo, The Confessions
  • St. Augustine of Hippo, The City of God
  • St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica
  • St. Hildegard Von Bingen, Primary Sources
  • St. Marinos the Monk, The Vita
  • St. Joan of Arc, Primary Sources

  • Barbara Sukowa (dir.) Vision - From the Life of Hildegard von Bingen, Zeitgeist Films (2011) 
  • Morgan Neville (dir.) Won't You Be My Neighbor? Universal Studios (2018) B07D591ST1

  • D.J. Lee, Rescuing Jesus, Ch. 8: Femmevangelical  
  • K. Lochrie, Heterosyncrasies: Female Sexuality When Normal Wasn’t 
  • M. Althaus-Reid, Queer God, Ch. 3: Trinitarians and God the Orgy 
  • Plato, Symposium on Love, “Aristophanes,”
  • Hedwig & the Angry Inch, “Origin of Love”   
  • C.S. Lewis, The Four Loves, HarperOne (2017), 978-0062565396

Queer Afterlives

  • Leelah Alcorn, Transgender Queen of Hell, Tumblr
  • Marguerite Bennette, Angela: Queen of Hel, Marvel Comics (2016) 978-1302900014
  • Dante, Purgatorio, Anchor Press (2004), 978-0385497008
  • C.S. Lewis, The Great Divorce, HarperOne (2015), 978-0060652951

(Ex-)Queer Ministries

  • Aiken and Aparicio (dir.), The Transformation (1996) 

  • Roger Ross Williams, God Loves Uganda (2013) 

  • Desiree Akhavan, The Miseducation of Cameron Post (2018)

  • C.S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man, HarperOne (2015), 978-0060652944


Eugenic Monsters: A Seminar on Race and Disability

"Perhaps the immutable error of parenthood is 
that we give our children what we wanted, 
whether they want it or not. 
We heal our wounds with the love we wish we’d received,
 but are often blind to the wounds we inflict."

Andrew Solomon
Far from the Tree

Course Overview

Why are monsters so ubiquitous in literature and art? How do they, and other literary villains and anti-heroes, reinforce cultural values and anxieties? Who or what are the monsters of our own cultural moment? In this seminar, we will explore the history and representation of monsters in western culture. Using Andrew Solomon’s Far From the Tree: Parents, Children, and the Search for Identity, well as other texts from disability, critical race, and post-colonial studies, we will examine monsters not merely as otherworldly creatures, but as figures that stand in for a wide range of "undesirables" and "others." This semester, we will concentrate on the themes of race and disability as they have been constructed by the philosophies and practices of eugenics, slavery, colonialism and freak shows. The very invention of race theory in the modern age hinges around eugenic beliefs in fundamental differences marked by skin color, facial and skull shapes, bloodlines, and aptitude. These theories created the concept of a “white race” and marked non-white races as inherently disabled, thus excusing and even endorsing the institutions of sterilization, extermination, captivity, colonialism, and exploitation. 

The first section of the course will concentrate on the wider concepts of eugenics as it came into being in the modern era. The benefits of technologies which offer power over your body will be connected to the racist and ableist philosophies which generated them. The genetic framework will then be interrogated throughout the rest of the semester through the film and book, Far From the Tree, which considers the relationship between parents and children, specifically those ways in which the fantasies of reproduction (preserving the purity of parentage) breaks down in the mutation, evolution, and divergent identities which arise among children who are born with Down's Syndrome, Autism, Dwarfism, and other conditions. This section ends with a science-fiction novel, Out of the Silent Planet, which imagines the eugenic and colonialist project in the context of space exploration in order to test the desire for genetic control against the joy of discovering the beauty of difference. The second section turns towards the way in which captivity in its various forms makes monsters out of the captors and captives, beginning with the animated film, the Hunchback of Notre Dame. The film Beloved follows up on the ways that slavery in the United States created trauma and monstrosity in the lives of formerly enslaved people, who experience this captivity still through the ghosts and isolation of a haunted house, representing the specters of slavery which live on across generations. The Green Mile follows the way in which slavery reinvented itself through the rise of the prison industrial complex which routinely caught men of color and people with disabilities in their cages, embodied by the film's central figure. Good Kings, Bad Kings explores how nursing homes adapt models of captivity from prisons and slavery, forcing people of color, poor populations, and people with disabilities into lives of abused isolation.

The third section the seminar concentrates further on the systems of colonialism which were already figured in the first two sections, carrying institutions of eugenics and captivity into Asia, the Americas, and Africa. Beginning with Animal's People, the book follows up on the ecological and human environmental consequences of global industries which introduce dangerous chemicals into the land and bodies of impoverished foreign countries. The film, Eclipse, from the Twilight series, considers the ongoing effects and consequences of colonization in the Americas through the monstrous figures and fighting of werewolves and vampires, each representing the native peoples of the Americas and the colonizers (at least one of whom fought on the side of Confederacy in the U.S. Civil War). Then the seminar turns to the world of Marvel super-heroes to contrast the film Black Panther -- which imagines an isolated nation in Africa that is free from colonization but also (seemingly) free of disability -- and the comic of the street-level hero Echo -- a native American woman with deafness who explores her place in the United States as a disabled colonized body at odds with the figure of Daredevil, a white American lawyer with blindness who literally represents the law of the colonizer. The final section of the seminar explores the history and legacy of the Freak Show. The film The Greatest Showman will be viewed alongside the book Bunk which tells the true histories of the scams and hoaxes which exploited and contributed to American racism and ableism in order to turn ethnic minorities and people with disabilities into profitable freaks. The racist, ableist, and transphobic effects of the Freak Show will then be considered in the way trans women of color are still exploited by sex work and conversion therapy which displays these pathologized, racialized, and queer bodies for a paying public. At the end of this section and the semester, we will watch the film Ray in order to interrogate the ways the blind man of color fought for personal liberation in an entertainment industry which sought to exploit him.

Course Objectives

By the end of the seminar you will be able to TEACH the course material:

  • Think critically across multiple perspectives
  • Engage with thinkers who passionately disagree with you
  • Argue according to the dialectic method
  • Compose your thoughts in clear and engaging writing
  • Honor differences as important to propelling your thinking forward



Selections from the Reading List

The Monsters of Eugenics
Genetics, Mutations, and Diversity

  • Michelle Ferrari (dir.), American Experience: The Eugenics Crusade: What’s Wrong with Perfect?, PBS Distributions (2018), B07F83JZYF
  • Rachel Dretzin (dir.), Far From the Tree, MPI Home Video (2019), B07J356J56
  • Andrew Solomon, Far from the Tree: Parents, Children, and the Search for Identity, Scribner (2013), 978-0743236720
    • Including chapters: "Son," "Down's Syndome," "Dwarf," "[Intellectual] Disability," "Prodigy," "Crime," "Schizophrenia," "Deaf," and "Transgender."
  • James Tynion IV, Eugenic, BOOM! Studios (2018), 978-1684152063
  • C.S. Lewis, Out of the Silent Planet (Space Trilogy, Book 1), Scribner (2003), 978-0743234900

The Monsters of Captivity
Pariahs, Slaves, Prisoners, and Patients

  • J. Demme (dir.), Beloved (1998) (AW)
  • Frank Darabont (dir.), The Green Mile, Warner Home Video, B01GWCBR24
  • Trousdale and Wise (dir.), The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Walt Disney Animation (2002), B00005TN8K 
  • Susan Nussbaum, Good Kings, Bad Kings, Algonquin Books (2013), 978-1616203252
  • R. Garland-Thompson, Staring: How We Look
    • Including chapters: “Social Relationships” and "Beholding"
  • J.B. Bouson, “The Dirtied and Traumatized Self of Slavery in Beloved” (PDF) (2000)

The Monsters of Colonialism
Asia, Americas, Africa

  • Ryan Coogler (dir.), Black Panther, Marvel Studios (2018), B079FLYB41
  • Indra Sinha, Animal’s People, Simon and Schuster (2009), 978-1416578796
  • David Mack, Daredevil: Vision Quest, Marvel (2015), B016P0QCQE
  • David Slade (dir.), The Twilight Saga: Eclipse, Summit Inc./Lionsgate (2010), B0042MEQVG 
    • Twilight & Psychology, “Bella’s Motivations for Risky Behavior” (PDF)         
    • Twilight & History, “Alice and the Asylum” (PDF)      
    • Twilight & History, “Jasper Hale, the Oldest Living Confederate Veteran”        
    • Twilight & Psychology, “Prejudice in Twilight” (PDF)
    • Twilight & Philosophy, “The Moral Hazards of Being Edward” (PDF)
    • Twilight & History, “Why Team Jacob Is Doomed to Lose” (PDF)       

    The Monsters of the Freak Show
    Differences, Hoaxes, and Exploitations

    • Taylor Hackford (dir.), Ray, Universal Pictures Home Entertainment (2006), B000FVQLRU
    • Michael Gracey (dir.), The Greatest Showman, 20th Century Fox (2018), B077R2WHSB 
    • The Transformation (1994)
    • Eli Clare, Exile & Pride: “The Mountain, Freaks & Queers”
    • Janet Mock, Redefining Realness, “Ch. 15-17"
    • Kevin Young, Bunk: the Rise of Hoaxes (AW)